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In fact, it is a long-standing practice within Judaism to contract the betrothal with a ring. Romantic rings from the time of the Roman Empire sometimes bore clasped hands symbolizing contract, [13] from which the later Celtic Claddagh symbol two hands clasping a heart may have evolved as a symbol of love and commitment between two people.

One historical exception arose in monarchical regimes, in which a nobleman entering into morganatic marriage , a marriage in which the person, usually the woman, of lower rank stayed at the same rank instead of rising ranks, would present their left hand to receive the ring, hence the alternative term 'marriage with the left hand' Ger.

Ehe zur linken Hand , the offspring of such marriages considered to be disinherited from birth. The modern Western form of the practice of giving or exchanging engagement rings is traditionally thought to have begun in when Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor , gave Mary of Burgundy a diamond ring as an engagement present. In other countries like Argentina , men and women each wear a ring similar to wedding bands, they are made of silver "alianza de plata" when manifesting an informal "boyfriend-girlfriend" relationship, though this first step might not always happen; howbeit depending on finances, this may be the only ring given at all.

The gold band "anillo de compromiso" or "alianza de oro" is given to the bride when the commitment is formal and the [optional] diamond ring "cintillo" is reserved for the wedding ceremony when the groom gives it to the bride; the gold band that the groom wore during the engagement — or a new one, as some men choose not to wear them during engagement — is then given to the groom by the bride; and the bride receives both the original gold band and the new diamond at the ceremony.

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The bride's diamond ring is worn on top of the engagement band at the wedding and thereafter, especially at formal occasions or parties; otherwise the engagement band suffices for daily wear for both parties. At the wedding, the rings are swapped from the right to the left hand. In Brazil , they are always made of gold, and there is no tradition for the engagement ring.


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Both men and women wear the wedding band on their right hand while engaged, and, after they marry, they shift the rings to their left hands. In Nordic countries such as Finland and Norway , both men and women wear an engagement ring. In the modern era, some women's wedding rings are made into two separate pieces. One part is given to her to wear as an engagement ring when she accepts the marriage proposal and the other during the wedding ceremony; when worn together, the two rings look like one piece of jewelry.

After the wedding, the engagement ring is put back on, and is usually worn on the outside of the wedding ring.

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Some engagements are announced at an engagement party, traditionally hosted by the bride's parents; these parties are given in the family's usual style of entertainment. Traditionally, engagement parties were normal parties at which a surprise announcement of the engagement was made by the father of the bride to his guests. Therefore, it is not a traditional gift-giving occasion since no guests were supposed to be aware of the engagement until after their arrival.

In modern times, engagement parties often celebrate a previously publicized engagement. Whether presents are given at these engagement parties varies from culture to culture. A recent term used to define the ever increasing popularity of celebrating the anniversary of your engagement. Mainly celebrated in the United Kingdom, France and Spain. Wedding A wedding is a ceremony where two people are united in marriage. Wedding traditions and customs vary between cultures, ethnic groups, religions and social classes.

Most wedding ceremonies involve an exchange of marriage vows by the couple, presentation of a gift, a public proclamation of marriage by an authority figure or celebrant. Special wedding garments are worn, the ceremony is sometimes followed by a wedding reception. Music, prayers or readings from religious texts or literature are commonly incorporated into the ceremony, as well as superstitious customs originating in Ancient Rome ; some cultures have adopted the traditional Western custom of the white wedding, in which a bride wears a white wedding dress and veil.

This tradition was popularized through the marriage of Queen Victoria ; some say Victoria's choice of a white gown may have been a sign of extravagance, but may have been influenced by the values she held which emphasized sexual purity. Within the modern'white wedding' tradition, a white dress and veil are unusual choices for a woman's second or subsequent wedding.


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  • The use of a wedding ring has long been part of religious weddings in Europe and America, but the origin of the tradition is unclear. One possibility is the Roman belief in the Vena amoris, believed to be a blood vessel that ran from the fourth finger directly to the heart. Thus, when a couple wore rings on this finger, their hearts were connected. Historian Vicki Howard points out that the belief in the "ancient" quality of the practice is most a modern invention. The wedding ceremony is followed by wedding reception or a wedding breakfast, in which the rituals may include speeches from the groom, best man, father of the bride and the bride, the newlyweds' first dance as a couple, the cutting of an elegant wedding cake.

    In recent years traditions has changed to include a father-daughter dance for the bride and her father, sometimes a mother-son dance for the groom and his mother. Although it has been adopted to men attire as well. Ao dai, traditional garments of Vietnam Ribbon shirt worn by American Indian men on auspicious occasions, such as weddings, another common custom is to wrap bride and groom in a blanket Kilt , male garment particular to Scottish culture Kittel, a white robe worn by the groom at an Orthodox Jewish wedding; the kittel is worn only under the Chupah , is removed before the reception.

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    Topor, a type of conical headgear traditionally worn by grooms as part of the Bengali Hindu wedding ceremony Western code Morning dress, western daytime formal dress Stroller White tie Evening Suits Black tie Non-traditional " tuxedo " variants Lounge suit Sherwani , a long coat-like garment worn in South Asia Wedding crown, worn by Syrian and Greek couples and Scandinavian brides Wedding veil Wedding dress Langa oni, traditional two piece garment worn by unmarried Telugu Hindu women. Different wedding clothing around the world Music played at Western weddings includes a processional song for walking down the aisle either before or after the marriage service.

    Richard Wagner is said to have been anti-Semitic , as a result, the Bridal Chorus is used at Jewish weddings.

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    UK law forbids music with any religious connotations to be used in a civil ceremony. Johann Pachelbel's Canon in D is an alternative processional. Other alternatives include various contemporary melodies, such as Bob Marley's One Love , sometimes performed by a steel drum band. Most religions recognize a lifelong union with established rituals; some religions permit same-sex marriages.

    Many Christian faiths emphasize the raising of children as a priority in a marriage. In Judaism , marriage is so important. Hinduism sees marriage as a sacred duty that entails both social obligations. By contrast, Buddhism does not encourage or discourage marriage, although it does teach how one might live a ma. Jewish wedding A Jewish wedding is a wedding ceremony that follows Jewish laws and traditions. While wedding ceremonies vary, common features of a Jewish wedding include a ketubah , signed by two witnesses, a wedding canopy , a ring owned by the groom, given to the bride under the canopy and the breaking of a glass.

    Technically, the Jewish wedding process has two distinct stages: kiddushin and nissuin , when the couple start their life together; the first stage prohibits the woman to all other men, requiring a religious divorce to dissolve, the final stage permits the couple to each other.

    The ceremony that accomplishes nisuin is known as chuppah.

    There are differing opinions as to. While these two events could take place as much as a year apart, they are now combined into one ceremony. Before the wedding ceremony, the chatan agrees to be bound by the terms of the ketubah, or marriage contract, in the presence of two witnesses, whereupon the witnesses sign the ketubah. The ketubah details the obligations of the groom to the kallah , among which are food and marital relations. This document has the standing of a binding agreement, though it may be hard to collect these amounts in a US court house, it is written as an illuminated manuscript, framed and displayed in their home.

    Under the chuppah, it is traditional to read the signed ketubah aloud in the Aramaic original, but sometimes in translation. Traditionally, this is done to separate the two basic parts of the wedding. Non-Orthodox Jewish couples may opt for a bilingual ketubah, or for a shortened version to be read out. A traditional Jewish wedding ceremony takes place under a Chuppah or wedding canopy, symbolizing the new home being built by the couple when they become husband and wife. Prior to the ceremony, Ashkenazi Jews have a custom to cover the face of the bride, a prayer is said for her based on the words spoken to Rebecca in Genesis ; the veiling ritual is known in Yiddish as badeken.

    Various reasons are given for the veil and the ceremony, a accepted reason is that it reminds the Jewish people of how Jacob was tricked by Laban into marrying Leah before Rachel, as her face was covered by her veil. Another reasoning is that Rebecca is said to have veiled herself when approached by Isaac, who would become her husband. Sephardi Jews do not perform this ceremony. Additionally, the veil emphasizes that the groom is not interested in the bride's external beauty, which fades with time.

    In many Orthodox Jewish communities, the bride is escorted to the chuppah by her father and mother known by Ashkenazi Jews as unterfirers; the bride traditionally walks around the groom seven times when she arrives at the Chuppah. Seven circuits derives from the Biblical concept.

    Sephardic Jews do not perform this ceremony. In traditional weddings, two blessings are recited before the betrothal; the wine is tasted by the couple. The groom gives the bride a ring, traditionally a plain wedding band, recites the declaration: Behold, you are consecrated to me with this ring according to the law of Moses and Israel.

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    According to traditional Jewish law, two valid witnesses must see him place the ring. During some egalitarian weddings, the bride will present a ring to the groom with a quote from the Song of Songs : "Ani l'dodi, ve dodi li", which may be inscribed on the ring itself; this ring is sometimes presented outside the chuppa to avoid conflicts with Jewish law. The Sheva Brachot or seven blessings are recited by the hazzan or rabbi, or by select guests who are called up individually.

    Being called upon to recite one of the seven blessings is considered an honour; the groom is given the cup of wine to drink from after the seven blessings. The bride drinks the wine. In some traditions, the cup will be held to the lips of the groom by his new father-in-law and to the lips of the bride by her new mother-in-law.

    Traditions vary as to. At some contemporary weddings, a lightbulb may be substituted because it is thinner and more broken, it makes a louder popping sound. The origin of this custom is unknown; the primary reason is. This is based on two accounts in the Talmud of rabbis who, upon seeing that their son's wedding celebration was getting out of hand, broke a vessel — in the second case a glass — to calm things down. Another explanation is that it is a reminder that despite the joy, Jews still mourn the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem ; because of this, some recite the ve.

    Engagement An engagement, betrothal, or fiancer is a promise to wed, the period of time between a marriage proposal and a marriage. During this period, a couple is said to be betrothed, affianced, engaged to be married, or engaged. Long engagements were once common in formal arranged marriages, it was not uncommon for parents betrothing children to arrange marriages many years before the engaged couple were old enough; this is still common in some countries.

    The origins of European engagement in marriage practice is found in the Jewish law, first exemplified by Abraham, outlined in the last Talmudic tractate of the Nashim order, where marriage consists of two separate acts, called erusin , the betrothal ceremony, nissu'in or chupah , the actual ceremony for the marriage. Betrothal is a formal state of engagement to be married. In Jewish weddings during Talmudic times, the two ceremonies of betrothal and wedding took place up to a year apart.

    Since the Middle Ages the two ceremonies have taken place as a combined ceremony performed in public; the betrothal is now part of the Jewish wedding ceremony, accomplished when the groom gives the bride the ring or another object of at least nominal value. As mentioned above, betrothal in Judaism is separate from engagement. Typical steps of a match were the following: Negotiation of a match done by the couple's families with bride and groom having varying levels of input, from no input, to veto power, to a fuller voice in the selection of marriage partner.

    This is not as practiced as it was although it is still common in culturally conservative communities in Israel , India and Persian Gulf countries , although most of these have a requirement that the bride be at least allowed veto power. Negotiation of bride price or dowry In most cultures evolved from Europe , bride prices or dowries have been reduced to the engagement ring accompanying the marriage contract, while in other cultures, such as those on the Arabian Peninsula , they are still part of negotiating a marriage contract.

    For adults, it may be anywhere from several hours to a period of several years. In the case of child marriage, betrothal might last from infancy until the age of marriage; the responsibilities and privileges of betrothal vary.